): Lost Crop of the Enslaved Africans Discovered in Suriname. Oryza glaberrima Steud. Abstract. Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. 2017). The Plant List includes 95 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Oryza.Of these 19 are accepted species names. Genus: Oryza L. Oryza glaberrima Steud. Food. Cameroon, and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). (eds.) riz africain in French riz de … Description of seeds:  Average weight of 1,000 seeds = 26.5 g, Number of seed collections stored in the Millennium Seed Bank:  One, Seed storage behaviour:  Orthodox (the seeds of this plant can be dried to a low moisture content without significantly reducing their viability which means they are suitable for long-term frozen storage). It probably originated in the Middle … http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone (2009). Some cultures in West Africa, such as the Jola of southern Senegal grow African rice to be used in traditional ceremonies and rituals. Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. Glumac. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names "ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. Oryza glaberrima Steud. It is known for its hardiness and its ability to compete with weeds, pests, infertile soils and human neglect. References . Gambia, was introduced to the Americas during the slave trade years and grown by enslaved Africans for decades before mechanical milling devices facilitated the shift towards Asian rice … National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé. Oryza glaberrima is native to West Africa and grows in the region extending from the delta of the River Senegal to Lake Chad in the east. Oryza glaberrima Steud., which is the cultivated Oryza species different from Oryza sativa L., was domesticated in West Africa (Jones et al. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Species Profiles Leaves: The leaf blades are 20-30 cm long and 10-15 mm wide and pointed at the tip. Here, we studied the genetic variation and population structure of 2,179 Oryza glaberrima Steud. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux. & Williamson, H. (2006). The glumes (empty bracts that enclose the florets) are absent or obscure. This plant has no children Legal Status. 1853; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Graminaceous belonging to the tribe Oryzaea, and Genus Oryza, it is an annual and preferentially selfing crop with AA genome type composed of 2n = 24 chromosomes http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Oryza glaberrima in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. is a cereal crop species closely related to Asian rice (Oryza sativa L.) but was independently domesticated in West Africa ∼3,000 years ago. Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. grown in pots without competition among plants. WAB0001435 • Oryza glaberrima Steud. Unlike Oryza sativa, which was introduced to East Africa from Asia probably around the first century AD and reached West Africa sometime between the ninth and sixteenth centuries (Ng et al., 1991), the African cultivated rice species, Oryza glaberrima Steud evolved in West Africa. – longstamen rice P: Species Oryza … (eds.) 2, 3(2): 277-574. & Diniz, M.A. collect. Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. accessions conserved at the AfricaRice genebank using 27,560 DArTseq-based SNPs. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Oryza glaberrima Steud.. Common Name: African Rice Family: Poaceae Barnh. of the red rice plant (Oryza Glaberrima Steud), it was obtained certainty that the plants that were determined and used for this study were truly species of Oryza Glaberrima Steud from the family of Poaceae, and genus of Oryza. Related Links. Pl. Wetland Status. ." African rice is still an important crop for small-scale farmers who grow it for its nutty flavour and other culinary qualities. (1972). 2019).Its domestication took place in the inner delta of the Niger river (Cubry et al. – Barth's rice P: Species Oryza glaberrima Steud. Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. African rice is rarely grown outside sub-Saharan Africa but is of global interest because of its tolerance to abiotic st … No differences in phyllochron were observed among culms, but leaves on tillers … It is also used in a ritualistic context and as a treatment in African traditional medicine. is focused on Oryza sativa and limited work is done to identify variation in other related species (Menguer et al. Kew Species Profiles 1997). Kandwal, M.K. Oryza glaberrima, commonly known as African rice, is one of the two domesticated rice species. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. The Plant List includes a further 71 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Oryza.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. African rice also has many medicinal benefits: for example, in the Central African Republic the root is eaten raw as a remedy for diarrhoea. Backcrossing with the O. sativa parents increased fertility and helped combine the O. sativa and O. glaberrima features. Backhuys Publishers. O. glaberrima is also … Accessed: … accessions cultivated under iron toxicity Tawelsi Mayaba1,2, Nerbéwendé Sawadogo1*, Mahamadi Hamed Ouédraogo1, Boureima Sawadogo1, Mawulé Aziadekey2, Moussa … Oryza glaberrima var. However, increasingly African rice is being replaced by the introduced Asian varieties of Oryza sativa, which produce a higher yield than African rice, shatter less easily and have a softer grain that is easier to mill. Statistics. World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (eds.) Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. Wu, Z. … Benin, Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. • TOG 6226 • Traditional cultivar/Landrace • Ivory Coast + Add to my list CIV033 • Africa Rice Center , Ivory Coast • DOI: 10.18730/H8D8G © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. is a form of cultivated rice that was domesticated in the Niger River delta ∼3500 years ago (V iguier 1939) and is widely grown in West Africa today.Germplasm collections of O. glaberrima at the West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), the International Institute for … ORYZA glaberrima (Steud.) Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517. subaristata Roshev. Aké Assi, L. (2002). Today  Oryza barthii  can be found growing wild in parts of Africa. It was first domesticated and grown in West Africa around 3,000 years ago. Lebrun, J.P. (1973). (ed.) Check other web resources for Oryza glaberrima Steud. Poaceae. Chad, Genetic diversity of African’s rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud.) It is known for its hardiness and its ability to compete with weeds, pests, infertile soils and … Details and images of some of these specimens can be seen online in Kew's Herbarium Catalogue. It is now rarely sold in West African markets, having been replaced by Asian strains. These are … & van der Maesen, L.J.G. Pressed and dried specimens ofAfrican rice are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Flora of China : Online version from Harvard University World Grass Species-Descriptions : Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Michael Jones, The Gambia College. Burkina, Oryza glaberrima Steud. Table I. Formulation lotion Materials Formulations F0 F1 F2 F3 Red rice extracts - 2.5 g 2.5 … Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Culms erect, spongy, up to 1 m tall. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. (2006). Source Large … Oryza glaberrima (2n = 24, AA) is a cultivated rice species that originated in Africa having evolved from the wild species O. barthii A. Chev. plants Review Advances in Molecular Genetics and Genomics of African Rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud) Peterson W. Wambugu 1, Marie-Noelle Ndjiondjop 2 and Robert Henry 3,* 1 Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, Genetic Resources Research Institute, P.O. production in sub‐Saharan Africa.Oryza glaberrima Steud., the cultivated rice species that originated from West Africa, is well‐adapted to its growing ecologies. The most intensive areas of cultivation of African rice are the floodplains of northern Nigeria, the inland delta of the Niger River, parts of Sierra Leone and Ghana. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ORGL2) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ORGL2) Wildlife. Oryza glaberrima  is thought to have been domesticated from its wild ancestor  Oryza barthii  around 1,500 BC in the inland delta of the Niger River. Homonyms Oryza glaberrima Steud. were produced through backcrossing and doubled haploid breeding (DHB). African rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud.) – broadleaf rice P: Species Oryza longistaminata A. Chev. Jones, M. (1991). & Roehr. The Millennium Seed Bank and the Global Crop Diversity Trust are engaged in a ten-year project, called 'Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change'. The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plants worldwide, focusing on those plants which are under threat and those which are of most use in the future. Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum. African Rice (Oryza glaberrimaSteud. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. 1997b) and is still cultivated in this sub-region (Singh et al. All cultivars were sown directly in a nursery with lowland soil of pH 4.2. Lisowski, S. (2009). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Flowers: The inflorescence is a panicle (an extensively branched inflorescence) 15-25 cm long. Hepper, F.N. Drought is a major constraint to rice (Oryza spp.) Oryza glaberrima is the African cultivated rice species, domesticated from its wild ancestor by farmers living in Inland Delta of Niger River. (Second, 1982). – African rice Subordinate Taxa. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. longiglumis Chev. Steud. Mali, Details; Images (3) References (4) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (6) Chromosome Counts (3) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, A, 19 Authors: Steudel, Ernst Gottlieb von. Country of Origin: W. Trop. Usually named African rice, red rice or rice of Casamance, Oryza glaberrima Steud is the main and the only cultivated rice among the whole African rice species. & Boudet, G. (1991). Overveiw:   Oryza glaberrima  is an annual with erect stems up to 90-150 cm long. Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. 2016; Cubry et al. It has a self-supporting growth form. Flash flooding resistance of rice genotypes of Oryza sativa L., O. glaberrima Steud., and Interspecific hybridization progeny May 2008 Environmental and Experimental Botany 63(1-3):9-18 Genus Oryza L. – rice P : Contains 7 Species and 3 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Oryza barthii A. Chev. Fertile interspecific progenies between Oryza sativa L. and O. glaberrima Steud. Several studies indicated that it has extremely narrow genetic diversity compared to both its wild progenitor, Oryza barthii and the Asian rice, Oryza sativa which can … Common names African rice in English African rice in language. It yields less than O. sativa due to grain shattering (1984). The spikelets are about 8 mm long and remain on the plant when mature. Panicle loosely contracted, 20–25 cm; branches long, mostly simple. Peyre de Fabregues, B. Broken grains are used to feed chicken and other livestock. Oryza glaberrima is the scientific name for African rice, following the standard Latin two-part naming system (binomial nomenclature) introduced by the Swede, Carl Linnaeus, in the 18 th century. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento. African rice is native to West Africa, where it is cultivated as a foodcrop. Box 30148 – 00100, Nairobi, Kenya; … Guinea, Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Africa, W. African rice is native to West Africa, where it is cultivated as a foodcrop. African rice, Oryza glaberrima Steud., was domesticated independently of Asian rice Oryza sativa L. (Wang et al. – African rice P: Species Oryza latifolia Desv. The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. Leaf sheaths glabrous, leaf blades up to 30 × 1–1.5 cm, glabrous, margins scabrid; ligule 3–5 mm. There are only two species of cultivated rice in the world: Asian rice (Oryza sativa) and African rice (Oryza glaberrima). & Gupta, B.K. Onana, J.M. 2018), from a wild relative species, Oryza barthii A. The use of DHB to generate a large proportion … The sheaths which enclose the stems are smooth and hairless. African rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud.) Lowcountry Digital History Initiative", "Rice History - Carolina Plantation Rice", "Yield loss of Oryza glaberrima caused by grain shattering under rainfed upland conditions", "Rapid diversification of five Oryza AA genomes associated with rice adaptation", "Identification of a Rice stripe necrosis virus resistance locus and yield component QTLs using Oryza sativa × O. glaberrima introgression lines", Slightly outdated National Geographic article on Carolina Gold, Full list of rice varieties and cultivars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oryza_glaberrima&oldid=988364660, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Articles with disputed statements from August 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 18:50.

oryza glaberrima steud

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