I recommend using a Greek keyboard (found in Windows' settings). I've worked out how to add accents (ά) although am studying Koine Greek from Wenham who avoids accents in his Elements. Example: typing c produces ψ. Click on the keyboard viewer to see which keys produce which letters and accents (Pressing shift changes the contents of the viewer). by right-clicking and selecting Paste, or by pressing Cmd+V (Mac) or Ctrl+V(Windows). Reading Greek vocabulary and principal parts. The iota subscript may also be combined with any of the above vowels and breathing marks by holding Right Alt+ the above listed key for the desired accent or breathing mark. The only glitch that I found was that I cannot place a rough breathing mark with an uppercase "Ρ" which some words need, though it does place a rough breathing mark on the lowercase "ρ." Example: typing u produces υ. keyboard for various combinations of a breathing mark and other diacritics. by David333 » Thu May 28, 2009 4:05 pm, Post It must be typed as an independent letter. Rough breathing: press shift + apostrophe, then the vowel.) 2. Learn ALL Greek Alphabet in 40 minutes - How to Write and Read Greek - Duration: 41:12. The Scholars Press site is no longer active, and SPIonic was difficult to find, which is why I made the SPIonic font and its documentation available here. It is called a "breathing mark." These additional marks have since remained part of the spelling conventions, or orthography, of each word. When large numbers of foreigners (ξένοι) started learning Greek in antiquity, Greek scholars developed additional symbols to help non-Greeks speak the language. If a key gives you X + smooth breathing, then shift plus that key gives you X + rough breathing. For every single word in Greek that begins with a vowel or a diphthong, there must be a breathing mark.There is either a smooth breathing mark or a rough breathing mark. Monotonic Greek uses the tonos forms, and is limited to the acute accent (´) and the diaeresis (¨). For Unicode Greek fonts and keyboards, see the links page . Example: typing v produces ν. Somebody needs to write this stuff down somewhere! Example: typing u produces θ. SPIonic is a public domain Greek font created by James Adair at Scholars Press ; In the “Language & Text” window that will open, click on the Input Sources button/tab. By design, all characters in the font lie between decimal 32 and 127 ; On mobile phones for accents, just hold the letter for an extra second or two and there will appear a variety of that letter with accents. You can pick between English, Greek, and Hebrew by clicking the keyboard icon and selecting the desired language. The above keyboard shows the unshifted marks -- where there's a breathing mark, it's smooth. Whatever your level, use this forum to discuss all things Koine, Biblical or otherwise, including grammar, textbook talk, difficult passages, and more. Every vowel or diphthong at the beginning of a word has either the rough breathing (῾) or the smooth breathing ( ᾽) mark. In Windows XP go to "Regional and Language Options" -> Languages -> Details -> Add . Thank you! by David333 » Thu May 28, 2009 3:39 pm, Post But when I open the onscreen keyboard it only shows the option of combining a rough breathing mark with an acute accent. So far, these breathing marks have not been written with the names that you have seen, but now you need to get used to the breathing marks! You need to have the SPIonic font installed on your computer for the characters to display properly in the table. I can now do what appears to be a rough breathing if I look very closely at my screen - ἀ. Any ideas...? Example: typing m produces μ. by modus.irrealis » Thu May 28, 2009 6:42 pm, Post by modus.irrealis » Thu May 28, 2009 6:11 pm, Post • Type the quote key for a smooth breathing o the shift-quote key for a rough breathing. You can also toggle between keyboards by pressing Ctrl + Alt + Space (Windows) or Cmd + Ctrl + Space (Mac). (20x-7Fx, 040-0177), so they should transfer without problem over the Internet. Every Greek word that begins with a vowel is going to have a breathing mark. You may deactivate the keyboard selector in the Program Settings menu. The Greek letter ν can be typed by sound orappearance. F or Trans literation s witch on C aps L ock. By playing around I've managed to get a cedilla beneath a vowel - ῳ - but I'm struggling to get a cedilla underneath and another accent above the ω. Nothing will happen. My standard layout also has polytonic accents, and a bunch of other greek symbols with the altGr modifier, but I don't know if windows is alike. by David333 » Thu May 28, 2009 6:20 pm, Post The Greek Classical keyboard uses an intuitive system where most of the Greek letters are matched to similar English letters, either by sound or appearance. Some accent and breathing combinations have key mappings of their own, and the ... “ rough breathing Click Add A Keyboard and add the Greek Polytonic option. Now to exegete it, ↳   Civilization and Culture of the Greeks and Romans, ↳   Koine and Biblical and Medieval Greek. The rough breathing shows that the vowel is aspirated, i.e. Click on the apple symbol in the the upper left of tool bar. here ) to as great an extent as possible, with a few exceptions. At any time, pressing the Caps Loc… A second major variation is that breathing marks, accents, and other diacriticals exist in two forms: one for use with narrow characters and one for use with wide characters. Final question! ; Select the Greek Polytonic checkbox. Okay, I've been playing. Paste into the Search box, a document, etc. You have to hold down the right alt key to add the iota subscript, so ᾷ is right-alt + [, ᾂ is right-alt + shift + \, and so on. The uppercase and lowercase letters are listed first, in alphabetical order, followed by breathing mark and accent combinations, and then by other symbols.Please note the distinction between upper and lower case in the "key" columns; all shifted keys are so indicated. There are two types of breathing marks. A few letters in Greek have no exact match in English, by sound or appearance. by David333 » Thu May 28, 2009 3:10 pm, Post Rough breathing definition, the symbol (ʿ) used in the writing of Greek to indicate aspiration of the initial vowel or of the ρ (rho) over which it is placed. This is just bizarre. Accents and Breathing Marks. NOTE: On keyboards, to get accent marks, use the lowercase (i.e. Mac keyboard is identical, but us e O ption … By clicking on this symbol, you can toggle between the English and Greek keyboard at any time! the semi-colon key) , located to the right of the L key on a US keyboard. Breathings are included, but I have left out accents. by David333 » Thu May 28, 2009 6:47 pm, Post Levels ask you to type English and Greek. Please note: when you click the "Add" button, you will see two lists; in the upper one you select just "Greek", and then at the other list you select the keyboard layout as "Polytonic". The font is designed to follow the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae encoding scheme (see Post Greek Keyboard for Mac operating systems. The keyboard selector appears in input boxes where you might want to enter original language characters. Example: typ… If you need an iota subscript in addition to a breathing mark, use Right Alt + “q” for a smooth breathing mark and subscript and Right Alt + Shift + “q” for a rough breathing mark and subscript. So ' gives you just smooth breathing, but " = shift + ' gives you the rough breathing. After the Greek language is installed, you should add the "Greek Polytonic" keyboard (assuming you're learning Ancient Greek). The uppercase and lowercase letters are listed first, in alphabetical order, followed by breathing mark and accent combinations, and then by other symbols. Online Greek keyboard to type characters and diacritics of the Ancient Greek alphabet. Greek has two vowel accent forms: oxia (aka: acute) and tonos.