As we approach AP® exam time, you’ll want to explore how to best prepare yourself for the AP® English Literature free-response section of the exam. In so doing, the main character's traits are amplified. Often times, it is the poet herself. the stories of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth. AP Lit/Comp Lit Terms List 1 1. abstract – unable to be touched; not concrete 2. abstraction - a concept or value that can not be seen (love, honor, courage, death, etc.) There will be relatively few projects or activities. "To err is human; to forgive, divine.". which the writer usually tries to illustrate by comparing it metaphorically to a known, concrete object. It is a literary device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series. Shakespeare's plays were written mostly in iambic pentameter, which is the most common type of meter in English poetry. unreliable narrator: see HYPERLINK "" \l "narrative#narrative" narrative   urban legend: a contemporary story that is told in many rumored versions that have little basis in fact. techniques that a writer uses to develop a piece of literature be it a poem or a novel. An account of the personal experiences of an author during a particular time and in a particular place; not exactly an "autobiography" which would cover one's entire life. Elizabeth Bishop from Voices and Visions. Elizabeth Bishop: “In the Waiting Room” The Poem. tone: the writer’s attitude or feeling  about his or her subject. most people by the time they reach middle age (as opposed to young people who are growing up); certain characters in novels, a literary device in which one thing is described by means of something else. that helps to establish the theme and set the tone, of or related to the life of the author: e.g., The novel, "The Great Gatsby", real; physical; surface-level meaning--not figurative or metaphorical meaning, the deeper, secondary meaning, often metaphorical. AP Language and Composition Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Devices ____________________________________. Sometimes this … different types of forms that literature takes: novels; short stories; poems; plays; essays, etc. (related to poetry) a line with a pause at the end. Important literary terms frequently used on the AP Literature and Composition Exam. Two or more syllables that together make up the smallest division of rhythm in a poem. Course Overview. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through to see the original works with their full license. a poem that depicts rural life in a romanticized fashion, peaceful and ideal. A symbol is a person, place, object or action that for something beyond itself. a device of style or subject matter so often used that it becomes a recognized means of expression. Study AP Lit & Comp-lit Terms Flashcards at ProProfs - literary terms list Be sure to review the Chief Reader Report (2019 versions available later this fall). AP English Literature and Composition is an introductory college-level literary analysis course. synecdoche: a literary technique in which the whole is represented by naming one of its parts (genus named for species), or vice versa (species named for genus). This is usually done by marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line, then breaking those lines into metrical "feet," then determining which kind of a metrical foot is in the line. A line of poetry that consists of four metrical feet. trait: see HYPERLINK "" \l "character#character" characterization. AP Literature and Composition: Short Story Research: Overview. ), the characteristic manner of expression of an author. The devices used in effective or persuasive language. In the context of poetry, "accent" is the emphasis given to a particular syllable or word. A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character, differences; also a literary and/or aesthetic device used to amplify differences. In this section, you will write three essays regarding prompts from poetry, a selected passage, and a work of literary fiction you select. The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know. A theme is a thought or idea the author presents to the reader about life or human nature. Poetry that does not have a fixed metrical pattern nor a rhyme scheme. A metrical foot of three syllables, two short (or unstressed) followed by one long (or stressed), as in "seventeen" and "to the moon." This action on the part of the character reveals much about what the character is thinking, feeling, or intending. a line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza. theme: a common thread or repeated idea that is incorporated throughout a literary work. y the literary form of the "play" like Shakespeare wrote, example. to wonder off topic; in a literary context, the use of material unrelated to the subject of the work. €! Though you most often find criticism in the form of an essay, in-depth book reviews may also be considered criticism a literary device in which the writer, usually a poet, uses a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly very dissimilar objects. For example, a dove may represent peace. The Glossary of Literary Terms for the AP English Literature and Composition Test Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. A lot of students wonder if there's a specific AP English reading list of books they should be reading to succeed on the AP Literature and Composition exam. The AP® English Literature and Composition exam is divided into two sections: multiple choice and free response. ), famous event or figure, popular culture, etc. Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader, A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society; any story used to explain life phenomena. command of the elements of effective composition than do essays scored a 6. a literary device involving the construction of a conversation between two or more characters, a poem or prose piece in which a character addresses an audience and in which the audience offers no dialogue in response. For example, an iamb is a foot that has two syllables, one unstressed followed by one stressed. However, both tests include comprehension questions and require you to be able to read … The city name of "Washington" is used to refer to the U.S. government. Ò! A line having no pause or end punctuation but having uninterrupted grammatical meaning continuing into the next line. allusion A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well-known historical or literary event, person, or work.. attitude A speaker’s, author’s, or character’s disposition toward or opinion of a subject.. devices of sound The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry. AP Lang Terms. A type of meter in poetry in which there are five iambs to a line. a metrical foot of two syllables, one long (stressed) and one short (unstressed). explicitly instructive and, in extreme cases, even preachy. BUT is comedic in nature, meaning funny and humorous. In fact, many "literary devices" also pass as "rhetorical techniques.". A narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances. voice: an author or narrator’s distinctive style or manner of expression. • The intended thesis only restates the prompt. Literary Devices: Literature (Short Stories/Novels) AP Literature & Composition Types of Fiction Allegory A story in which people, objects, and events stand for abstract qualities. A brief story that focuses on a particular incident or event in a person's life that is told to help illustrate a point he or she is trying to make. alliteration (a-LIT-uh-RAY-shuhn): the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (tongue twisters) allusion (a-LOO-zhuhn): a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. Poetry written without rhyme but with meter, usually iambic pentameter. a verbal expression whereby words are arranged in a particular way to achieve a particular effect. ... AP Language & Composition Literary Terms. In this invaluable resource, the chief reader of the AP Exam compiles feedback from members of the AP Reading leadership to The anapest is the reverse of the dactyl. Students were prompted to focus on the female character in the passage as she begins to come into a new stage of self-awareness and to analyze how the author uses literary devices to characterize her. When a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain rather than probable. The author utilizes the characters, plot, and other literary devices to assist the reader in this endeavor. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. In literature, it refers to the practice of associating two or more different senses in the same image. A selection of terms for discussing poetry can be found below, and also on a downloadable PDF here: English Poetry Terms: ENGLISH POETRY TERMS Accent - The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. any of several possible vantage points/perspectives from which a story is told: 1st Person; 2nd Person; 3rd Person. The mechanical/structural arrangement of words in a sentence or piece of literature in general; elements include the length or brevity of sentences and the use of punctuation. The opposite is passive voice –. AP Literature and Composition Literary Terms *These terms and definitions should be studied and well known by the second six weeks. A concise but ingenious, witty, and thoughtful poem or statement. A literary work which ends happily because the hero or heroine is able to overcome obstacles and get what he or she wants. We will read, discuss, and write about literature. Allegory: Extending a metaphor so that objects, persons, and actions in a text are equated with … Start studying AP Lit. There will also be a consistent range of difficulty in the reading passages across … 92 terms. Let's face it, this entire poem is an allusion, practically. an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot, (n.) a play filled with ridiculous or absurd happenings; broad or far-fetched humor; a ridiculous sham, A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor, Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character, Description in writing or speaking that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste). understatement: a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said; the opposite of hyperbole. l symbolism: using something specific to stand for something else, especially an idea. g Something that is simultaneously itself and yet representative of something else. The narrator is free to describe the thoughts of any of the characters, to skip about in time or place, or to speak directly to the reader. Literary Terms Master List. œ! The analysis of a poem's meter and metrical patterns. Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition (or AP English Literature and Composition, AP Lit and Comp, Senior AP English, AP Lit, or AP English IV) is a course and examination offered by the College Board as part of the Advanced Placement Program.When AP exams were first implemented, English Language and English Literature were initially combined. AP Literature and Composition: Short Story Research Overview Search this Guide Search. Most exciting moment of the story; turning point. The dove can be seen and peace cannot. (Remember, each iamb is a metrical "foot," so that makes five "feet" per line.) It is never a "fact. In the context of poetry, the shorter final stanza of a poem. a humorous, rhyming, five-line poem with a specific meter and rhyme scheme, A Japanese form of poetry having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables; traditionally with a topic concerning nature or the seasons. 5 These essays respond to the assigned task with a plausible reading of Gascoigne’s use of devices such as form, diction, and imagery to convey the speaker’s complex attitude, but they tend to be superficial in their analysis of the attitude and of the devices. to understate what you are describing for dramatic effect, usually saying the opposite of what you really mean. (grammar) The noun to which a later pronoun refers. Lines that end with a period, comma, colon, semicolon, exclamation point, or question mark are end-stopped lines. ó Stressed syllables usually stand out because they have long, rather than short, vowels or because they have different pitch or are louder than other syllables. An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant, comically or repulsively ugly or distorted, Special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand, A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear together: "Jumbo Shrimp", (n.) a short narrative (story) designed to teach a moral or spiritual lesson, A long speech expressing the thoughts and feelings of a character alone on stage (as in a play).