Taller stems may need support, particularly if plants are grown in exposed areas. Monkshood. Aconitum napellus L. – Venus' chariot Subordinate Taxa. In Hong Kong, aconite is the most common cause of severe poisoning from herbs. Although plants may be propagated by division, they are often slow to establish and are probably best left undisturbed once planted. Beautiful and long lived, this stately border plant is … Aconitine is the most dangerous of these toxins. Aconitum napellus was introduced to Britain, from continental Europe, before the 1590s, probably as a drug plant. Its showy spires of deep purple flowers are striking in late fall; the hood -like shapes of the flowers give the plant its common name. Plants prefer a site that will not dry out, away from thirsty tree roots. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Although extracts of the plant are used homeopathically in low doses to treat imflammation, these compounds are poisonous -- even deadly. An outstanding cut flower. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Monkshood fills out to a nice size plant, reaching a height of 3 to 5 ft. and spreading to 1 1/2 ft. Description The true "Monkshood" flowers from earliest spring, producing indigo-blue hooded flowers on strong stems clad in shiny green leaves. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. aconitum: Aristotle’s successor, Theophrastusto suggested the name comes from the village of Akonai (which does not exist now) that was part of the land occupied by the Mariandynoi people in Turkey, Another source suggests the Greek word ‘akónitos’ formed from ‘ak’, ‘pointed’ and kônos, ‘cone’ referring to the pointed leaves. All parts of Aconitum are poisonous if ingested or if the sap comes into contact with any mucous membrane. A. fischeri, is a species of flowering plant of the genus Aconitum, family Ranunculaceae. This herbaceous perennial flower fills a number of garden needs, and it’s one of the few almost true blue flowers. A very attractive plant with hood-shaped flowers. Its flowers are deep blue, the bloom is spectacular. Upright spikes of violet-blue flowers shaped like a little hood, thus its common name, monkshood. The Plants Database includes the following 16 species of Aconitum . It suits intense symptoms with a rapid onset, especially symptoms that commence at night after the person has been chilled or exposed to dry, cold wind earlier that day. Patients tend to be restless, fearful, and oversensitive to pain. When grown in shade, you will probably need to stake the plants. The present study was designed to explore the neuroprotective properties of Aconitum napellus (Ranunculaceae). It is native to East Asia and eastern Russia. 532 1753 . The helmet of Jupiter is a beautiful outdoor plant with blue flowers. The purple-lined sallow Pyrrhia exprimens, and Blepharita amicawere found eating from A. septentrionale. Genus Aconitum can be herbaceous perennials or biennials with lobed leaves and racemes or panicles of showy, hooded flowers Details A. napellus is an upright tuberous perennial to 1.5m tall, with deeply divided, dark green leaves and tall spires of violet-blue, hooded flowers in mid and late summer Plant range Europe, Asia, America Aconite is a plant. Monkshood has been safely cultivated in gardens for hundreds of years. Aconitum napellus . ACONITUM Commonly known as Monkshood Genus of 100 species of perennials and biennials mainly from mountainous grassland or scrub in the northern hemisphere. It is most noted as a heart poison but is also a potent nerve poison. Monkshood is a tall plant that blooms late in the summer and handles partial shade very well. Do not grow this plant around young children or curious pets. Monkshood is sometimes known as Aconite or Wolfsbane. Aconitum napellus is the species name sake. Flowering starts in mid- to late summer and will continue into the fall. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Another common name for monkshood, wolf’s bane, refers to its use for getting rid of wolves. The sepals and petals of the flowers are similarly colored, with the upper sepal developing into a large, helmet-like structure that somewhat resembles the hood worn by medieval monks, hence the common names of monkshood and helmet flower. Middle When symptoms match, it’s an important homeopathic remedy for croup, ear infections, high fevers, flu, and shock or fri… Common Name: Common Monkshood, Wolfsbane. The engrailed Ectropis crepuscularia, yellow-tail Euproctis similis, mouse moth Amphipyra tragopoginis, pease blossom Periphanes delphinii, and Mniotype bathensis, have been observed feeding on A. napellus. Aconite (Aconitum napellus L.) Aconite is a crude extract of dried leaves and roots from various species of Aconitum plants (or monkshood) that contain aconitine and other diterpenoid ester alkaloids (aconitine, mesaconitine, jesaconitine, hypaconitine). The root is used as medicine. A very attractive plant with hood-shaped flowers. Th… Flower stems can reach up to 1m, carrying racemes of large and blue, purple, white, yellow or pink flowers they include the common ‘monkshood’ or Aconitum napellus. The evaluation of the neuroprotective role of A. napellus was performed on diabetic neuropathy induced by streptozotocin in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Growth rate: Moderate. In fact, because of its poisonous qualities, most animals avoid the plant. Crown rot, powdery mildew and verticillium wilt are occasional problems. This plant is extremely toxic, it can easily cause death during accidental consumption. WEAR GLOVES WHEN WORKING WITH THIS PLANT. Carolus Linnaeus based his generic name on an ancient Greek name for a yellow-flowered species. Aconitum napellus (A. napellus, also known as monkshood or wolfsbane) is a perennial herb often grown as an ornamental plant due to its attractive blue to dark purple flowers. Used internally as a homeopathic remedy or externally as a … Aconitum napellus. How to grow Aconitum napellus Plant size Some people are extremely partial to the common unnamed monkshood because of its intense, rich color and easy growing habit. Aconitum napellus L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Aconitum (family Ranunculaceae ). Aconitum species have been recorded as food plant of the caterpillars of several moths. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Native to Western and Central Europe, Aconitum napellus brings showy, densely packed spikes of deep purplish-blue flowers and attractive foliage in the shade garden. Wetland Status. If you are growing them in a hot, dry area, definitely give them a spot with some shade, especially in the afternoon. Interpreting Wetland Status. The plant detoxification was done using either water, or cow or goat milk as per the Ayurvedic shodhana method. No serious insect or disease problems. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Pl. Problems with monkshood are rare, especially if they have good growing conditions. However, it does take several years to become established. It is in leaf from February to October, in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from June to July. It’s a beautiful herbaceous perennial with finely divided leaves similar to those of delphiniums, to which it’s related. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Best in full sun in cool summer climates. The drug aconite is made from the leaves and roots of this species and was once prescribed as a cardiac and respiratory sedative.Genus name is the Latin name from the Greek akoniton used for these poisonous herbs.Specific epithet is in reference to the plant having tuberous roots.The upper sepal of each flower develops into a large, helmet-like structure that somewhat resembles the hood worn by medieval monks, hence the common names of monkshood and helmet flower. East facing, west facing Position in border Aconitum napellus or Monk's-hood is a tuberous rooted, herbaceous perennial with rounded leaves that are palmately divided in to 5-7 segments. Common Aconite. They are deer resistant. It is commonly known as Chinese aconite, Carmichael's monkshood or Chinese wolfsbane.In Mandarin Chinese, it is known as fùzǐ (附子; meaning daughter root, or lateral root) and as wūtóu (烏頭; lit. "Albus ": The familiar monkshood with, as the name implies, white flowers. Suitable for cooler conditions they make good subjects for a woodland garden.Twining species can be grown through shrubs for support. Growing at high altitudes and especially present in the Pyrenees, this plant is highly toxic if … is major “drug” of antiquity. Aconitum Napellus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). Dark green leaves are deeply divided into 5-7 toothed lobes. A welcome plant in the perennial border, monkshood sends up striking, upright spikes of violet-blue flowers from mid to late summer when few other blue flowers are in bloom. However, there are a handful of worthy cultivars and species, if you can find them: Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Blooming for weeks from mid to late summer, the helmet shape of the flowers makes them resemble the hood worn by medieval monks, hence the common names of monkshood or helmet flower. The entire plant, including the herb, root and seed are extremely poisonous when taken in sufficient dose. During the ancient Roman period of European history, the plant was often used to eliminate criminals and enemies. On a tall central spike appear terminal racemes of deep blue to purple, narrow, helmet-shaped flowers that stand proud and make a lovely splash of contrasting colour in the middle of deep, mixed borders. There are not many drugs which have causation so strongly marked among their characteristics. The keen, cutting winds of the mountains amongst which the plant flourishes give the signature of this remedial action. There are about 250 species of aconite, but Aconitum napellus is the most commonly grown ornamental variety. 1.2m height The plants can handle both full sun and partial shade, however, they prefer somewhat moist soil. 50cm spread Aspect Aconitum napellus is an excellent long blooming perennial with long, spring flowering spikes of light purple-blue spring flowers. Partial sun to part shade. Also sometimes commonly called wolfsbane because this plant was once used as an arrow poison and in a poison bait for killing wolves. Related Links. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 15 Best Zone 7 Plants to Put In Your Garden. Monkshood, wolfsbane or Aconitum napellus is a plant of the family Ranunculaceae. Avoid skin or oral contact with plant juices, and be particularly careful to cover up any open cuts or skin abrasions prior to entering garden areas. An ornamental hardy perennial all Aconitum grow well in normal garden soil, and in Australia will usually require some afternoon shade. All parts of the plant (especially the roots and seeds) are extremely poisonous. You’ll find many references in literature to monkshood being used to kill enemies. Today, monkshood is redundant as a medicine but is widely naturalised in Britain and remains a spectacular early-summer garden perennial. This plant has no children Legal Status. Aconite was a medicinal drug as well as a homicidal agent and arrow poison in Asia. The Aconite plant is highly toxic but safe when prepared in homeopathic potencies. Aconitum napellus – also known as monkshood, wolfsbane and aconite – is plant steeped in lore because of the toxin, aconitine, it contains. Plants reach 36 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide; Clump habit. Aconitum napellus is a homoeopathic remedy that is developed from the plant of the same name belonging to the Ranunculaceae family and that is also known as Monkshood or Wolf’s Bane. Aconite Monkshood, Aconitum napellus. The entire plant, including the herb, root and seed are extremely poisonous when taken in sufficient dose. Always wash your hands after handling monkshood. It gets its common name of monkshood from its resemblance to the cowl on monk’s habits. Aconitum napellus ‘Carneum’ ... Plants form an upright clump of deeply-cut green leaves, bearing spikes of soft-pink flowers in mid-summer. Aconitum napellus is an erect, tuberous-rooted perennial which features dense, terminal racemes (to 8" long) of hooded, deep purplish-blue to violet flowers atop rigid, leafy stems typically growing 2-4' tall. All parts of the plant, especially the roots, contain toxins. Appreciates some afternoon shade in the St. Louis area. Cut back stems after flowering to encourage an additional late season bloom. May need staking in early summer. Effects range from skin irritation to cardiac and respiratory failure. Aconitum napellus is known by many common names, perhaps the most common ones being Monk's hood, others include Common Aconite, Wolfsbane (Also see Arnica montana), Adam & Eve, Fuzi, and Helen Flower. Soils must not be allowed to dry out, but need sufficient drainage to prevent wet conditions from developing. Although it is native to mountainous areas, it is quite heat-tolerant. Aconitum napellus is an erect, tuberous-rooted perennial which features dense, terminal racemes (to 8" long) of hooded, deep purplish-blue to violet flowers atop rigid, leafy stems typically growing 2-4' tall. It is a member of the Ranunculaceae (buttercup) family and is an herbaceous biennial or perennial. The yellow tiger moth Arctia flavia, and the purple-shaded gem Euchalcia variabilis are at home on A. vulparia. In the St. Louis area, this plant needs consistently moist soils and may be best grown in moist woodland areas, along streams or ponds, or on the periphery of bog or water gardens. is major “drug” of antiquity. By the end of the period it was banned and anyone growing A. napellus could have been legally sentenced to death! Because of the poisonous properties of the plant, it probably should not be grown in areas where small children might come in contact with it or in areas contiguous to vegetable gardens where tubers are growing. Commonly found in moist pastures and moist mountainous areas of Europe and Asia. However, aconite contains some poisonous chemicals. Aconitum napellus photograph by Gail Hampshire Commonly found in moist pastures and moist mountainous areas of Europe and Asia. This is one of the earliest, easiest and most rewarding flowers you can grow in the garden and is totally trouble-free, making a strong, long-lived, bone hardy and totally non-invasive clump. Once established, the plants are very long-lived. Needs cool nights below 70 degrees F. to grow well, and, like the related delphiniums, will often struggle in hot St. Louis summers. Will grow in borders as long as the soil moisture requirements can be met. Aconitum carmichaelii syn. Monkshood, Aconitum napellus. Monkshood is reliably perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 through 8. In ideal conditions, it has been known to survive down to Zone 2. Aconitum napellus Common Name: Monkshood, Wolfsbane Zones 4 to 8. It is a lovely flower, just use caution when handling it. Raw aconite plants are very poisonous.They are used as herbs only after processing by boilin… However, there are a handful of worthy cultivars and species, if you can find them: Aconitum septentrionale "ivorine": Very early blooming with elongated, white flowers. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Natural History.